In 2009, Chicago rolled out a document designed to make every land use decision in the city more environmentally sound. See how it’s working in the June issue of Landscape Architecture Magazine. An excerpt….
Chicago is shedding its mantle of grit, is long past its days as hog butcher to the world, and has recently accomplished far greater infrastructural achievements than reversing its river’s flow in 1900 (which it did to send sewage downstream, rather than into Lake Michigan). There are the city hall green roof (and a lot of others), green alleys all over town, Millennium Park, the museum campus—all of which have appeared in the glossy pages of magazines, including this one. So when the City of Chicago won a 2011 ASLA Professional Award for analysis and planning (yes, the city itself was the recipient) for its new document Adding Green to Urban Design, some people may have wondered what else Chicago really needed to do to bolster its green image. How, in light of all the city has done, could this new document be necessary?
For starters, when Adding Green to Urban Design was completed in 2009, change was afoot. In September 2010, Mayor Richard M. Daley, the recognized impetus for much of Chicago’s greening, announced he would not seek reelection (he had been in office since 1989). Rahm Emanuel, the former Illinois congressman and President Obama’s former chief of staff, took over as mayor in May 2011. On January 1, 2012, a reorganization that was probably in the works before Emanuel’s tenure eliminated the Department of the Environment and placed environmental staff within each remaining city department. This was the second major recent reorganization to deal with land use and sustainability. Before 2009, several departments were merged into the Department of Housing and Economic Development, which handles a broad range of city functions, including historic preservation, land-use planning, zoning administration, and, since the 2012 re-reorganization, sustainable development.
Kathleen Dickhut, a deputy commissioner of the Department of Housing and Economic Development and the lead city staff person for Adding Green to Urban Design, says the plan is necessary to help the city itself stay on task with green initiatives. “Sometimes planning has to be our own internal investigation of the organization [as a whole],” she says, “People should not underestimate the importance of that.”